M1

Name of the course

ECTS credits

Semester

Lectures

Tutorials

Practicals

Evolutionary Biology

6

1

24h

16h

10h

Biologie des Populations et des Communautés (course in French)

6

1

24h

12h

14h

Biometry

6

1

20h

12h

18h

Quantitative ecology, data analysis and modeling

6

1

24h

16h

10h

Behavioural Ecology and Symbiotic Interactions

6

1

33h

12h

5h

Conservation Biology and Ecosystem Management

6

2

30h

10h

10h

Behavioural Ecology: proximate and ultimate aspects

6

2

30h

20h

Behavioural Ecology: applications to conservation and wildlife management

6

2

25h

10h

15h

Internship (2 months)

12

2

100h

Program outline :

♦ Teaching unit S1 Evolutionary Ecology
Lectures:
o A brief history of Evolutionary Biology
o Measuring natural selection in the wild
o Evolutionary process driving biodiversity
o The study of adaptation
o The extended evolutionary synthesis – Epigenetic inheritance
o Population genetics

Tutorials: Assessment of prior knowledge about Evolution / Heritability and the maintenance of genetic polymorphism / Selection gradients / Seminars
Tutorials and practicals: Population genetics

♦ Teaching unit S1 Biologie des populations et des communautés
Lectures:
o Dynamique des populations : croissance des populations (exponentielle, logistique), structure d’âge
o Fonctionnement source-puits, métapopulation
o Dynamique des interactions interspécifiques (compétition, prédation)

Tutorials and practicals: exercices d’application du cours

♦ Teaching unit S1 Biometry
Lectures:
o Introduction to the linear model
o Comparison between independent samples (two-way ANOVA, nested ANOVA)
o Measures of association (multiple regression, stewise regression, non-linear regression)
o Analysis of covariance

Tutorials and practicals: Handwritten exercises and use of the R statistical software

♦ Teaching unit S1 Quantitative Ecology and modelisation
Lectures:
o Taxonomic richness: relevance to ecology, methods of assessment
o Species abundance: sampling, direct and indirect methods for the estimation of density
o Diversity: α, β, and γ, diversity, how to measure α diversity
o Species assemblages and similarity between communities
o Distribution of individuals in space and time
o Multifactorial analysis as a tool for the study of complex communities

Tutorials – practicals: Handwritten calculations and use of computer programs to compute various estimators introduced during the lectures

Modelisation
Lectures:
o Modeling biological systems
o Dynamic systems (differential equations and simulations)
o Optimization

Practicals: introduction to modeling tools (differential equations, simulations). Exercises with real data

English
o Regular practice of written and oral English
o English as a communication tool in everyday life
o Development of language-mastering abilities, up to the sophistication levels needed for the generation and communication of scientific information

♦ Teaching unit S1 Behavioral Ecology and symbiotic interactions
Lectures:
o Concepts and methods in Behavioral Ecology
o Evolution of life-history traits
o Inter-individual behavioral variability and personality
o An introduction to sexual selection and mating systems
o Social Behaviour: an overview

Tutorials: Key concepts in Behavioural Ecology, sexual selection and social behavior

Symbiotic interactions
Lectures:
o Evolutionary transitions between mutualism and parasitism
o Parasitism : virulence, defense
o Coevolution and local adaptation
o Eco-epidemiology

Tutorials: Analyses of scientific papers on immunoecology / Illustration of coevolution using the simulation programme NetLogo

Practicals: Experimental illustration of the cost of using the immune system

 

 

♦ Teaching unit S2 Introduction to Conservation Biology
Lectures:
o An introduction to conservation biology
o Conservation biology: a multidisciplinary approach – Biodiversity
o and its importance –The concept of « hotspot of biodiversity »
o Biological invasions
o Invasion process – Biotic homogeneization – Control of invasive species
o Building and implementing reserves and protected areas
o Classification of protected areas – Designing protected areas – Habitat corridors and connectivity – Managing protected areas – Conservation outside protected areas
o Bioindicators and monitoring of biodiversity
o Ex-situ conservation

Tutorials and practicals: Field course

♦ Teaching unit S2 Behavioural ecology: proximate and ultimate aspects
Lectures:
o History of the study of animal behaviour
o Hormones, nervous system and behaviour
o The development of behaviour
o Game theory and evolutionarily stable strategies
o Advances in the study of sexual selection and mating systems
o Cooperation and conflict
o Communication

Tutorials and practicals: Recording and analysing animal behaviour

♦ Teaching unit S2 Behavioural Ecology: applications to conservation and wildlife management
Lectures:
o Habitat selection, territories and home ranges
o Dispersion, movements and migration
o Reproductive strategies
o Behavioural interactions between predators and prey
o Social behaviour and wildlife management

Tutorials and practicals: Lab experiments and field trip